Photography For Beginners: Make Your Subject Really Stand Out
Photographers are inspired by many things. For me it's wildlife, for you, it may be people, flowers...there is no shortage of great subjects out there. The challenge is to create a photo has real impact.
How do you make your subject really stand out in a photograph? It is tempting, but quite wrong, to blame the camera when your photo doesn't work out the way you want. You need to know right now that a more expensive camera will not automatically make you a better photographer. In truth, the techniques in this article will work for almost any camera. All you need are manual aperture and shutter speed settings, and a decent zoom lens.
Here are a few simple tips for adding impact to your subject.
Tip #1. Highlight A Brightly Lit Subject Against A Dark Background. If you are shooting a subject in full sunlight, with a shady background, the subject is always going to stand out. This is a simple principle to understand, but it is a little easier said than done.
When your photograph has two very different levels of light, the lightmeter in your camera can be confused. It may expose for the dark background, causing your subject to be overexposed. The trick is to expose for the subject.
You can't do this on automatic. What you need to do is switch your camera to manual, and adjust the aperture and/or shutter speed settings until the photo is underexposed by one or two stops (according to the lightmeter). When you get the balance right, you should have a dark background and a perfectly exposed subject.
Tip #2. Use A Small Depth Of Field To Blur The Background. You have seen plenty of photos where the subject is sharp and clear, but the rest of the picture completely out of focus. This is an excellent way of creating a three-dimensional effect and adding real impact to the subject.
To achieve this, you use a combination of a large lens and a wide aperture. First, zoom in on the subject with your largest magnfication. This will naturally reduce the depth of field. Then open your aperture to its widest setting (remember a small F-stop number equals a wide aperture). A wide aperture will reduce the depth of field even further.
The closer you are to the subject the more prounounced the effect becomes.
Tip #3. Use A Wide Angle Lens To Exaggerate Perspective. This technique is almost the opposite of Tip #2. A wide angle lens makes everything in your photo appear much smaller, so objects in the distance seem much further away than they really are. Meanwhile, you can stand very close to a subject in the foreground (a person, animal etc) and still fit it in the frame.
As a result, your close-up subject will appear to tower over a background in which everything else seems very small and distant. Although the surroundings will be mostly in focus (the wide angle lens has a much larger depth of field), they will seem relatively small and insignificant, making your subject seem larger and more dominant by comparison.
So there you have three fairly simple ways to add impact to the subject in your photos. Because my background is in nature, I usually think in terms of wildlife, but you can probably think of many subjects that will benefit from these techniques.
The great thing is, you don't need a professional camera to try these ideas out. As I said earlier, if you have a zoom lens, and manual control of your aperture and shutter speed, you can add impact to your photos with just a little practice.
Even better, in the age of digital photography, practice costs nothing...so get out there and start snapping!
If you found these tips helpful, visit http://www.naturesimage.com.au to find Andrew Goodall's top selling ebook "Photography In Plain English" and check out his popular landscape and wildlife images. While you are there, don't forget to subscribe to the online newsletter for regular photography tips...it's free!
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